8 mins read

What is a Personal Loan (Forbrukslån)?

If you wish to get a lump sum of money from a lending institution to pay almost anything you want then you should choose a personal loan. As soon as you receive funds, you will start repaying the lender based on the agreed schedule until you return the entire amount plus the interest rate.

The main reason for their popularity includes the fixed interest rate and repayment term. Therefore, you do not have to think about external factors and the economy, familiar with adjustable-rate options. Instead, you will get a fixed repayment sum you must handle in a fixed term, which is more predictable and convenient than other options.

Generally, a personal loan is a money you can borrow from a financial institution or bank with a preset repayment period and fixed monthly installments. Most of them feature an unsecured option, meaning you do not have to use collateral to get it in the first place.

Still, the amounts you can get depend on the lender and range between thousand and hundred thousand dollars. Besides, interest rates range between six and thirty-six percent, depending on your credit history and score. You will get between one and seven years to repay the amount you decide to take.

Things to Understand About Personal Loans

Suppose you wish to get a personal loan. The first step you should take is to complete an application and wait for a lending institution (beste lån at myfrugalbusiness.com) to approve you. Depending on the lender you choose, the process may take a few hours or a few business days.

As soon as they approve you, the lender will send you money into a bank account, meaning you can use the funds for any purpose you want. Besides, the next month, you will get a payment bill, meaning you must handle it right away.

The lender will report your on-time payments to major credit bureaus throughout the term. That way, you can boost your credit score and history.


  • Interest Rates – It is vital to remember that personal loans charge a fixed annual percentage rate or APR, meaning you will get it as an addition to the principal or the amount you took. The APR depends on your income, credit score, and other factors depending on the lender you decide to choose. The interest rate will determine the amount you will pay, but it will remain the same throughout its life.
  • Repayment Timeline – The terms vary depending on a lender and your requirements. Lengthy options come with lower monthly installments, but you will handle a higher amount than you took due to interest rates. Still, you can choose the periods between one and seven years. Remember that when you choose a shorter repayment period, you will end up with lower interest rate but higher monthly expenses.
  • Monthly Payment – You should know that personal loans come with fixed monthly installments that will stay the same. Therefore, you should calculate the principal and interest rate percentage while dividing it by length, and you will get the amount you will handle each month. Generally, long stretch of time will reduce monthly payments, which we mentioned in the previous point. We recommend you check out the online calculator to help you determine the best course of action.
  • Origination Fees – Some loans will charge you an initial or origination fee as part of your original amount, which is vital to remember. However, fees can vary between three and six percent of the overall amount you wish to get.

How to Determine Interest Rates?

You probably understand that a personal loan’s annual percentage rate will determine the amount you will pay each month. Since the personal loans feature fixed-rate interest, the APR will remain the same throughout the loan’s life. You can choose an adjustable rate that can fluctuate as time goes by, depending on outside factors.

The annual percentage rate includes your interest rate and other expenses a lender will charge you, such as origination fees. In some situations, lending institutions will base adjustable rates on a well-known index rate such as the prime rate.

They can cap the adjustable rate, meaning it will not rise or fall to a certain point, even if the index increases. Choosing the ones with fixed APRs is way better because they are more predictable, and you can plan the repayments upfront.

You can determine the annual percentage rate based on personal factors, while the essential one is your credit score. For instance, you can evaluate the APR based on the yearly income, loan details, and payment history. People with excellent scores can qualify for the lowest rates possible, but you need to have at least seven hundred points.

Types You Can Choose

Although most of them function similarly, we can differentiate a few options depending on lenders and products. Therefore, you should learn about essential types of personal loans, including:

  • Unsecured – Keep in mind that most personal loans do not require collateral or placing an asset to reduce the lender’s risk for taking the money. Instead, unsecured options mean you will receive a lump sum and repay it over a fixed timeline and monthly installments.
  • Secured – On the other hand, if your credit score is not significant, you should put down collateral to qualify for the process. You can use numerous assets and belongings as a guarantee, including a vehicle, home, savings account, etc. It means that the lender will seize the assets if you cannot repay the loan and default.
  • Credit Builder – When it comes to credit-builder loans, they will not increase your line of credit altogether. Instead, you can deposit them into a savings account that a lender will control and make balance payments during the term. You will receive the amount minus the fees when you finish the repayment. At the same time, a lender will report your payments to credit bureaus, which will help you increase your score for getting the better terms and rates in the future.
  • Specialized Lending Institutions – Some companies offer personal loans to their customers, meaning they can easily afford services and products. However, you can also get financing through a home improvement store that will allow you to get a new appliance for monthly installments. These loans are more convenient than other options, but you should think everything through because they do not feature favorable rates and terms.

You should check here to visit the American Association of Private Lenders official website.

Most Common Uses

The best thing about a personal loan is using it based on your preferences and needs. It means the loan is flexible and diverse.

  • Debt Consolidation – You can use unsecured personal loans that will allow you to consolidate high-interest debt, meaning you will repay it with a low-interest loan. This is especially important if you have a few different obligations because you can streamline them into a single payment, making it more convenient to handle.
  • Invest in Yourself – You can take advantage of personal loans to pay for a particular course or training, which will allow you to get a workplace license or certification. That way, you can boost your income and get a better position, offering you a return on investment in no time.
  • Expensive Events – If you must handle costly events such as a honeymoon or a wedding, you can rest assured because a personal loan will help you fill the budget gaps.