Most of us flush the toilet without a second thought, but what happens to the wastewater if the property’s not connected to mains drainage?
There are several options available to homeowners:
Cesspits and cesspools
A cesspit or cesspool is simply a holding tank for receiving and storing wastewater from a property. The wastewater enters the cesspit where it remains until it is emptied by a vacuum tanker. As the cesspit merely holds the wastewater rather than treating it, the tanks tend to fill quite quickly resulting in the need for frequent emptying which can be costly.
Cesspits are usually only used as a temporary measure until the property is connected to mains drainage or because the Environment Agency doesn’t allow the property to discharge. Cesspits are typically viewed as the least desirable wastewater treatment system due to a number of unfavourable factors. As the cesspit receives all the waste from a property they have to be large enough to cope with this; the sizing criteria is based on a loading of 180 litres per person per day and must have the capacity to hold 45 days’ worth of effluent which inevitably leads to a large tank.
Septic tank systems store and minimally treat sewage and usually consist of a storage tank with two or three chambers to separate the solid and liquid waste. The chambers within the septic tank hold the sewage solids long enough to allow the solids to form sludge at the bottom of the tank and are designed to retain any floating matter.
The sludge is partially broken down through anaerobic digestion and the remaining liquid passes through the outlet to a soakaway drainage system. A soakaway system disperses this partially treated liquid (known as effluent) into a drainage trench where the pathogens, nutrients and organic material are dispersed into the gravel and are removed or neutralized as the liquid moves through into the soil.
The remaining sludge in the septic tank needs to be emptied regularly; the frequency of septic tank pumping depends on the amount of waste entering the septic tank and its size.
Sewage Treatment Plants
A sewage treatment plant is by far the best method of wastewater treatment. In a sewage treatment system, the wastewater enters the plant where it is treated, producing final effluent that is of a high enough standard, as set by the Royal Commission, to be discharged to a watercourse or groundwater.
Most home sewage treatment systems comprise a primary settlement chamber, biological zone and final clarification. Depending on which make and model you choose, these components could be in separate units, or enclosed in one.
Some systems have a primary settlement chamber where the raw solids separate from the liquor; the solids need to be periodically taken away by a tanker (tankered) and the liquor is then biologically treated. Other systems don’t have a separate treatment chamber, and the solids are continuously mixed in an aeration chamber with bacteria and oxygen to allow aerobic organisms to degrade the wastewater contaminants. This type of water sewage treatment also requires tankering, although to a lesser extent than one with a primary treatment chamber. Typically, a sewage water treatment system that has a separate primary treatment chamber has to be emptied of sludge (desludged) every nine to twelve months, whereas other systems that do not rely on primary tanks can have desludge intervals of between three and five years.
It’s clear to see why single unit wastewater sewage treatment plants are often viewed as beneficial over other methods of sewage treatment, which is why many residential sewage treatment plants are installed to replace septic tanks or are specified when a new property which is not connected to mains drainage is being built.…
Most of us flush the toilet without a second thought, but what happens to the wastewater if the property’s not connected to mains drainage?
Home improvement loans are the best great way to get all the money you need now to fix up your house and increase your equity. This type of loan can be very beneficial, as you do not have to always borrow large sums of money to get the job done.
If you don’t have enough space for a small office, you can use a small portion of your living room for that purpose. Buy a small privacy screen and place a desk behind it with a matching chair. You can purchase small shelves to install on your wall to store your pens, pencils, staplers and other important items.
Always use gloves, glasses, and earphones when completing a home improvement project. Even small projects can give off dust and debris that might harm your eyes, create loud noises that are dangerous to your ear drums, and require chemicals that are not safe for your skin. Taking a few safety steps may seem silly for a small project, but you will thank yourself when no harm comes your way.
An easy and cost effective way to spruce up your home is by painting the interior. To estimate the amount of paint you need, you have to calculate the square footage of the walls. Simply multiply the length of the wall by its height. One gallon of paint will cover approximately 350 square feet. Bear in mind that you may need two coats of paint, depending on what color you are painting over.
While most people know that taking a shower instead of soaking in a tub helps to conserve water, not everyone knows that you can actually save more money on your water usage by replacing your original shower head with a specially designed low-flow shower head. This is a quick and easy improvement that can be done in one day and with only a minor cost.
Before you think about downsizing your home, think long and hard about it. Although downsizing may be wise in certain situations, it also means you will have to get rid of many of your belongings and pieces of furniture. Also, downsizing means there is less room for people who may visit you.
You’d be surprised at how much difference an updated address and nameplate can make on the front porch of your house. Sleek and shining house numbers make your home easier to locate, while a custom-engraved nameplate adds class and distinction. Finally, spend a little bit of cash on an ornamental door knocker, even if you have a doorbell.
Candle wax can be hard to remove from tablecloths and other surfaces. A simple fix can be taking a piece of wax paper, laying it over the wax stain and ironing over it with the iron on the highest setting. The iron will melt the wax, causing it to stick to your wax paper.
As you can see it is very helpful to get a home improvement loan to do any remodeling or freshen up your home’s look. This will not only make your home more equitable, but make it feel more like you and updated, as well. There is nothing better than an updated house.…
Even though a laminate floor is extremely durable and is created to be able to withstand a high amount of foot traffic, from time to time it needs to be fixed. There may be nicks or scratches that need repaired or perhaps an entire board needs to be replaced. Many laminate floors will buckle or peak and this may be what the problem is. No matter which one is causing your laminate floor to look less than perfect, there are ways that you can fix the floor yourself.
You will need to purchase a laminate flooring repair kit and have that on hand. You will also need a hammer, screwdriver and the laminate flooring. The repair kit can be purchased at a local or large hardware store. Bring along a sample of your laminate so that it matches perfectly.
The easiest fixing would be the nicks and scratches. You can simply read the instructions on the repair kit and easily eliminate those unsightly scratches.
If you need to replace part of the laminate flooring boards, you will need to do more than just read repair kit instructions. Using a screwdriver or a hammer, loosen up the molding around the floorboard. Be very careful to not damage the molding because it needs to be put back once the floor board is replaced.
The next step is to remove the floor boards that are beside and that lead up to the board that needs to be replaced. Once you have taken up the board to be replaced, simply click the new board right into it’s’ place. After the new board is correctly positioned, the other floor boards that were taken up first can then be put back in their places. It is then time to hammer the molding back in it’s’ place. Pound it carefully to avoid accidentally harming the molding.
If you have the peaking or buckling problem, you need to reduce the tensions of the boards. The age of the boards and the weather can expand the flooring and that is what causes the buckling. Once again, it is necessary to take out the molding with a hammer or screwdrivers. Do this carefully and save it because it will need to be put back down. Then take out the spacers from the original installation of the floor. These are the units that give support between the wall and laminate board.
To replace the old ones by putting in much smaller ones. Then very gently, push down on the peak. If the peak does not go down right away, don’t panic. The floor may just need to settle on its own and without any force from you. It will have to expand by itself at some point. Then you need to carefully put back the molding by using the hammer.
If there is a gap that has formed between the boards themselves, this will also cause the buckling or peaking. In this situation you will need to put larger spacers in right along the wall and this problem will be solved.…
Smart homeowners are always looking to improve their home. Sometimes the wish list can be a mile long, but the pocket book can be a dollar short. So, just how does one achieve the goal of updating their home on a budget? Listen to the experts and you’ll be surprised to learn that home improvements don’t have to cost a fortune. Let’s take a look at a few tips for improving your home on a budget.
Install ceiling fans to disperse heat and cooling better throughout your home. During the mild seasons, ceiling fans can provide all the cooling you need. Throughout the colder winter months, your ceiling fans can spread out the warm air from your heating system faster, cutting down on expensive heating costs.
If you are looking to add some value to a property you are planning on selling, you should think about remodeling your kitchen. The kitchen is the family center. It is the single most critical factor in influencing buyers. If you recreate the kitchen in a home, the value of the home that you are trying to sell instantly increases.
Painting the interior walls of your home can be a great way to freshen up your decor. Painting is inexpensive and allows for much creativity, based on your color choices. It’s also easy to change, should you decide to go in a different direction. To add a quick and effective punch to any room just grab a can of paint and go!
Many people may see dark paneling in their rooms as a curse. However, it can be really simple to spice up your panels to make them suitable and stylish. Lightly sand your panels and paint over it with a primer. Then just apply a coat of paint in the color of your choice. This will give new life to your room as well as your dark paneling.
A real estate slump is the perfect time for homeowners to invest in renovations and additions. Homeowners can save a great deal on large projects during a slump, because contractors and other building professionals are hungry for work. Home improvements do not expire. But, renovations made in a slump will become more valuable when the housing market rebounds.
Before investing in plants for the inside of your home, take a few minutes to do your homework. Many popular houseplants are actually toxic to animals and people. Rather than selecting a plant solely on the basis of its appearance, consider whether or not young children or pets will be within reach of the plants’ leaves or flowers.
If you are looking to add some value to your home, you can create a new looking kitchen by resurfacing your cabinets. By simply sanding down the old cabinets in your home and staining them with a fresh new finish, you can increase the value of your home fairly dramatically.
Improving your home is important and even on a tight budget it can be done. In this article we have discussed some of the tips most often recommended by experts for updating your home. Take a weekend and give a few of these tips a try. You’ll be pleasantly surprised by what you’re capable of doing on a budget.…
Whether you only have a hundred dollars to spend on a home improvement project or thousands at your disposal, the prospect of enhancing and adding value to your home is very exciting for most people. These valuable tips for home improvement will help inspire you to begin your next project.
Light-colored roofing is a great investment. The lighter color will reflect the suns rays instead of absorbing them, reducing the heat build up in your attic. This alone can make a big difference in your bills.
Spackle and then paint holes to get rid of them. Spackle is readily available at your local home improvement or hardware store. If the holes are small, you need a tiny amount of spackle. A bobby pin can be used to fill small holes, by applying spackle with the tip. After the spackle has dried, just smooth the hole with a rigid object such as a credit card. Put on your paint. Any holes in your walls will disappear right before your eyes!
When you are considering home improvement, be creative and decide what you want to accomplish before you start. Once you have begun the project, having a plan will make it easier to follow through on. Inspiration can come from anywhere: home improvement shows on TV, magazines, or even features that you notice in your friends’ houses.
If you happen to notice leaking water underneath the sink or tap, then never try fixing the leak on your own. Simply catch any leaking water with a container large enough to hold any excess liquid for a period of time and contact a plumbing professional.
Do not buy furniture that is upholstered with strong patterns. Very busy prints can really dictate what the rest of your decor needs to do. Choose solid colors for your major furniture pieces, and add interest with your accessories. Throw pillows and blankets will allow you to add any patterns or design you choose but won’t let the patterns take over your room.
If you have a handyman working for you, get your contract in writing. A good contract protects you from being exploited or paying more than you agreed to. If you don’t have a contract, you may wind up being taken to the cleaners.
Fixtures and other materials used for home projects around be high quality. The reasoning is logical; the decor and furnishings do not typically sell along with the home. In contrast, the market value of a home is greatly enhanced by quality fixtures that remain with the house after it’s sold.
When thinking of replacing your cabinets, try using wood cabinets. They can take heavy use and still retain an attractive appearance. Cabinets are commonly made of maple, cherry and oak. It’s also easy to change their color since they can be stained.
As long as you have the money and time you need, there’s no reason to put off improving your home. Regardless of the scope and scale of the new project, the useful information found in this article will most certainly make the process far more simple and stress-free.…
A lot of people are interested in making their homes stand out. Many people fail to decorate their home properly unfortunately. The article below provides information and tips that can help you transform your home from simply tolerated to the best on your block.
If you are redecorating your room, you need to pick the right colors. Be aware of colors that work together and which will clash, so your room appears balanced and tasteful. Also avoid using too many bold colors in the same room.
For an interesting interior design look, try using a variety of patterns and textures to the room you are decorating. Used properly, textures and patterns can add contrast. Think of combining opposites to get the idea: soft and hard, shiny and muted, smooth and rough. Contrasting patterns or textures lend a modern, contemporary look to a home.
A good tip if you are interested in your interior design is to be sure you are up-to-date with current style trends. Don’t show that you’re stuck in the 1970’s, with gold shag carpet! Look at other people’s decorating ideas and check out design magazines for inspiration.
Use some creativity when you are working with framed pictures. You should remember that your artwork is a design element of its own. Pictures and posters can be hung in different angles to improve the appearance. Consider mounting them on the walls in creative patterns. Utilizing the surrounding space effectively can alter a room’s mood and create interesting effects.
A lot of people have smaller rooms that are begging to seem larger. Lighter colors help make smaller rooms feel and look bigger. If you use dark colors in small spaces, it can make the spaces appear smaller than they actually are.
Whenever you are painting one of your rooms, be creative. The Internet is a wealth of knowledge when it comes to this topic. When you are creative with the designs on your wall, you can transform your room from boring to fantastic in no time at all.
All your furniture should not have to be facing towards the TV in the family room. You can take advantage of other parts of the room by arranging furniture to create features like a conversation space. You can use this area if you want to have a nice cu of tea with a friend and catch up.
Display your collections! If you have three of anything, you are already a collector. If you are the owner of three of the same kind of vases, this is a collection. Three pictures counts as a collection. Display your collection in an obvious place, and it will make a great conversation piece.
As the above article has demonstrated, adding a fresh, exciting look to your home’s interior doesn’t have to be hard. Follow the steps laid out in this article and soon you will have a home that is worth coming home to. Use the tips listed here in designing the house of your dreams.…
The home improvement process may be overwhelming at first. Still, as you become more educated on the topic, you can find success. In the following article, you will get the boost you need for whatever project you need to do.
Take advantage of the experience of a home designer or architect to plan any major home improvement project. Unless you are a professional, your plans may not contain the correct function. Designers with a professional background can develop strong plans that not only are beautiful, but that are functional and meet all current building codes.
If you must patch small cracks on your roof, using aluminum tape could do the job. Place the sticky part of the tape on a surface that is clear of debris. This will help cover those cracks and keep water out.
Dust all your accessories at least one time every week. Dust bunnies can start creeping up after a few days, and that encourages allergens to interfere with your life. Proper dusting will make your house cleaner, fresher and repel pests such as spiders and insects.
Do you have bubbles in your vinyl floor? Simply slice it to let out the trapped air. This will deflate the bubble temporarily. After this you need to insert some glue to keep the floor sealed. In order to properly do this, you should use glue that comes already loaded inside a syringe.
When doing home improvement work, one of the most important tools to have is a drill. You can make holes and even attach screws. You should have a cordless, 9-volt power drill that come with a variety of drill bits and bits for Phillips and flat-head screws.
Opt for a unique coffee table rather than a generic pre-made one. You can use an old chest or old luggage to make a pretty nice storage bin. A few magazines on the table can give it a bit of life. You may also consider teacups and a tablecloth in order to get that country look.
Fixing faucets that leak is a smart project even for a beginner. If you can repair these quickly, you’ll save money by not wasting water. The savings you get from this will add up since your water bill will go down.
If you have extra building materials you can put them in your ceiling or floor. It is fairly easy to store a lengthy piece of molding or even a two by four in this fashion. Just hammer some furring strips in place across a pair of exposed joists and slide in what you want to store.
To give your bathrooms a face-lift, try re-glazing all of the ceramic surfaces. New glaze can take a worn bathroom and make it look attractive again. Plus it’s a much cheaper choice than replacing all of those older fixtures and flooring; a bathroom can be glazed for just a couple of hundred dollars. Glazing a bathroom is a good way to raise the house’s value without spending tons of money.
Home improvement can now be simple for you. Learning basic knowledge on the subject will significantly help you begin virtually any home-improvement project. Use the tips written here, and you should do just fine.…